Normative Criteria for Relevant Evaluation
recording best practices
Combines policy with the necessary resources and regulation
D.12 (Veldpaus et al., 2019) and D1.3 (Mérai et al, 2020) show reuse is best facilitated in countries where regulatory frameworks for heritage and planning are well integrated on a national level (either through policy or in law), and levels of government have fairly clear relations, roles and responsibilities in the process, with the local level usually being the place where decision making happens for both. As for regulations, it tends to be easier when they are strict in principle, but there is space for negotiation (discretion) locally, to facilitate reuse to happen. This does however rely on willingness locally to take this space, and thus a collaborative, constructive attitude.
Resourcing (well-resourced in terms of capacity (people, time) and often also have funding schemes in place as well as tax or VAT incentives) and the integration of resources, proved to be an influential aspect. Well-resourced countries can often also count on non-heritage related policies and programmes that integrate and stimulate reuse over new built (e.g. housing, sustainability, culture). Countries that have a very rigid, inflexible regulatory system for heritage (also meaning related funding is often only usable for (nationally) listed buildings) can be well resourced, but when this focusses on protection only, it can make adaptive reuse practices more difficult. If at all, resources then have to from non-heritage sources (e.g. regeneration, tourism, social or sustainable development policies) which is not guaranteed. Here we also identify the potential influence from (e.g. ERDF, ESF) EU funding.
Veldpaus, Loes, Federica Fava, and Dominika Brodowicz. 2019. Mapping of Current Heritage Re-Use Policies and Regulations in Europe Complex Policy Overview of Adaptive Heritage Re-Use. OpenHeritage: Deliverable 1.2. Newcastle upon Tyne, England.
Mérai, Dóra; Veldpaus, Loes; Kip, Markus; Kulikov, Volodymyr and Pendlebury, John. 2020. Typology of current adaptive heritage re-use policies: Deliverable 1.3. Budapest, Hungary.
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